Jordan is very open to foreign trade. The share of foreign trade in the country’s GDP is about 135%. However, it shows a structural trade deficit associated with its dependence on raw materials. Jordan is a member of the WTO, and the country has signed a free trade agreement with the United States, an association agreement with the EU, and a number of other bilateral agreements.
International agreements. International conventions of which Jordan is a member: – a member of the World Trade Organization, – a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol, – a signatory to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora, – a signatory to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal – signatory to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. International economic cooperation.
Changes in agriculture of Jordan. The country is a member of the Greater Arab Free Trade Zone, a pact of the League of Arab States that entered into force in 2005 with the goal of creating an Arab free trade zone. He has also signed bilateral free trade agreements with most countries in the League of Arab States. Jordan has signed an agreement with the European Free Trade Area. Finally, the Kingdom is a party to the Agadir Agreement, which provides for a free trade system between Jordan, Tunisia and Egypt.
Customs duties and import taxes. After joining the World Trade Organization and in accordance with its obligations to this institution, Jordan began to gradually reduce customs. Currently, they vary from 0 to 30%, while the average applicable tariff is 9.15%. Alcohol and tobacco are taxed on a scale of 50 to 180%. Imports of raw materials and intermediate goods used in industry, as well as basic food products, are exempted from customs duties. There is also a value added tax of 16% (VAT).
Customs duties are regulated by law, which applies both to imported goods and to locally produced goods. Jordan uses a harmonized classification system. Customs procedures The following documents are required for export to Jordan: – Commercial invoice: it must be in duplicate in English. It should include: name and address of the exporter and importer, billing date, labeling, product numbers and nature, unit price and total price, quantity, net and gross weight and country of origin, – Certificate of origin certified by the competent authority in Belgium (Trade chamber, etc.) and legalized by the Jordanian Embassy in Amman. A certificate can be useful if the goods – usually after processing – are redirected to the European Union. – The bill of lading or “air waybill” must indicate the nationality of the vehicles. Bills of lading are permitted through a “notification address”, – It is recommended that you use a packing list to prevent each package from being opened by customs, ▪ A customs declaration is also required, but only an authorized forwarder in Jordan can process it. declaration to be submitted electronically – A certificate of free sale, confirming that the product is sold in the country of origin, is required by the Jordanian authorities only for certain products 8, in particular pharmaceutical and paracosmetic products.
It should be noted that medical equipment does not require a certificate of free sale if it has the CE or FDA mark. Mention should be made of the exporter’s expenses, such as transportation, insurance, etc. Some declarations and formulas are also obligatory depending on the situation. The importer may request a proforma invoice to obtain an import license.
There are special requirements for agri-food products. Indeed, marking of origin in Arabic is mandatory; this should be attached to the immediate packaging and to the outer packaging. It should be clear and indelible. The following information should appear in Arabic: product name, net weight, name and address of the manufacturer, name of the importer, country of origin, composition and percentages, instructions for use (if applicable), production date, expiration date. Stickers are not allowed.